The history of the Bancks Brothers dates back to two separate card firms. The first being HALL (&Son) who began making cards around 1786, In 1819 Bancks (Brother-in law to Hall and Father to the Bancks Brothers) joined the firm and HALL & BANCKS lasted up until 1830. The second firm HUNT began making cards in 1791, in 1801 Hunt joined Gibson after Gisborne had left, HUNT & GIBSON worked under that title for about two years until 1803 when Hunt continued the firm alone. In 1820 Hunts two sons joined the firm and HUNT & SONS continued on until 1830 when the two company`s of HALL & BANCKS and HUNT & SONS merged into one company. Both firm`s continued using their own Old Frizzles for some time (most likely using up old stock) and we don`t see an HUNT, HALL & BANCKS Old Frizzle until 1840. In 1841 the Bancks Brothers took over the firm, but again we don`t see a BANCKS BROTHERS Old Frizzle until 1849, The firm ceased making cards in 1890.
BANCKS BROTHERS succsessors to HUNTS & SONS c.1849-1862.
Old Frizzle Ace and Maker Specific Single Figure Courts HB1
Hunt began making cards using the Standard English Pattern Wood-Block Type I, Hunts & Sons was one of the first firms (along with HALL & BANCKS and CRESWICK) to try to modernise the standard pattern and in 1820 we start to see Maker-Specific Court cards emerge (possibly due to these firms employing "in-house" Block-Makers)
The Maker Specific Courts designed by Hunt designated HB1 was used from 1820 the start of the Hunt & Sons period up until 1870 during the Bancks Brothers Period.
BANCKS BROTHERS late HUNT Bezique Deck c.1865-1890, Post Frizzle Ace and double-ended courts HB1.1
The first version of the BANCKS BROTHERS Post Frizzle Ace printed in 1862 only had the Legend "Card makers to Her Majesty" printed on the bottom of the card, the second version printed in 1865 has the legend "and to H.R.H Prince of Wales" added, Both versions were used together throughout the Bancks Brothers period.The double-Ended courts designated HB1.1 is commonly found with Bancks Brothers Aces,However, there is a pack on Paul Bostock`s website Plainbacks.com with a Hunts & Sons Ace suggesting the pattern dates from sometime before 1849 when the first Bancks Brothers Old Frizzle appeared.
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